Two steel wires having same length are suspended from a ceiling under the same load. If the ratio of their energy stored per unit volume is 1 : 4, the ratio of their diameters is: - Padhle.Online
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Two steel wires having same length are suspended from a ceiling under the same load. If the ratio of their energy stored per unit volume is 1 : 4, the ratio of their diameters is:

Energy density =du/dv, where

u is Energy

v is volume

⇒ du/dv = F2/2A2y (stress = F/A)

⇒ du/dv ∝ 1/A2

⇒ du/dv ∝ 1/d4

(∵Area = π/4 × d4)

A2 = (π/4)× d4

⇒du/dv/du/dv =(d2/d1)4

⇒ 1/4 =(d2/d1)4

⇒ (d2/d1)=4

⇒ d1/d2 = (4)1/4=2

d1/d2 = √2:1

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